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With more and more information on the internet, web pages are holding works of researchers. This has led to students wanting to refer to these researchers in their dissertations. But how should you cite a reference that is on a webpage? Each stylization format varies its guidelines for citing. We show you how to apply style guidelines of American Psychological Association (APA), and the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS).

American Psychological Association (APA) Style

Write the dissertation citation. Italicize the journal titles. Write the author's name using last name first format and end with a period. Now enter the article title and end with a period. Write the online journal name in italics and end with a comma. Add the volume number and the page range and end with a period. Write the online URL. This is how your citation should look like this:

Brown, Jane. Looking through the Hour Glass: Networks, Failure and Auditing. Technological Research Online, 19 (2) 4. 

Chicago Manual of Style (CMS)

Cite by using CMS Footnote or Endnote N and Bibliographical Entry B format. Number each footnote or endnote entry. Using the last name first format, enter the online journal's author's name, followed with a comma. Put the article title in quotations with a comma inside the closing quotation mark. Now write the name of the online journal in italics, follow with a comma and the journal volume number. The publication year should be written in brackets and a comma should follow. Next step will be the write the Digital Object Identifier System (DOI) rather than the URL . This is what it should look like:

  1. Brown, Jane, "Looking through the Hour Glass: Networks, Failure and Auditing," Technological Research Online, 19 (2) 4 (2010): 1-5,

These types of citations are easy to accomplish, but it is always useful to collect complete information about the citation style your university follows.

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